Nausea and Vomiting
Certain medications may case nausea and/or vomiting. Experiences and symptoms varies from person to person. Some medications are more likely to cause nausea and vomiting than others. Symptoms may be at their worst the day after treatment and about 2-3 days thereafter.
If you are experiencing nausea or vomiting, follow these tips:
- Anti-emetics are the drugs used to prevent or combat nausea and vomiting.
- Some of these agents are given prior to the actual treatment and others are to be used in the days following treatment.
- The physician or the infusion nurse will explain the specific anti-emetic plan for the medication prescribed.
- Take anti-emetics as prescribed.
- If nauseated, wait one-half hour to one hour after taking nausea medication before attempting to eat or drink anything.
- Begin with small amounts of clear liquids such as broth, ginger-ale, flat Coca-Cola, popsicles,
- or Jell-O.
- When nauseated, avoid fruit juices and milk products.
- Advance to dry foods such as toast or crackers and bland foods such as oatmeal, soups, bananas or applesauce.
- Do not eat spicy, fatty or fried foods.
- Do not eat your favorite foods when nauseated.
- Eat foods that are room temperature or cool.
- If possible, have someone else prepare meals or snacks when nauseated; cooking and freezing meals in advance may be helpful for times of nausea.
- Keep the mouth and teeth clean and use gum, mints or sour candies such as lemon drops or Jolly Ranchers.
Call The Regional Cancer Center if:
Nausea or the inability to eat persists over 24 hours or you are experiencing side effects from the anti-emetic medications.
If vomiting occurs, wait one hour before taking anything by mouth. Then begin with sips of clear liquids and follow the guidelines for combating nausea.
Take the anti-emetics as prescribed.
If unable to keep fluids down, call The Regional Cancer Center if:
Vomiting lasts more than 24 hours. You are vomiting and feeling light-headed, dizzy or confused. Or the vomitus looks like coffee grounds.