January: Cervical Cancer

Cervicalcancer Flag

Cervical cancer used to be one of the most common causes for cancer death in the US. Between 1955 and 1992, the death rate dropped by almost 70% because of increased Pap tests. This screening procedure can find changes in the cervix before cancer develops, and find cervical cancer early - in its most curable stage.

Risk Factors

The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is an infection by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Other risk factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Immunosuppression
  • Chlamydia Infection
  • Diet
  • Oral Contraceptives (birth control pills)
  • Intrauterine device use
  • Multiple full-term pregnancies
  • Young age at the first full-term pregnancy
  • Poverty
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES- a hormonal drug used between 1940-1971)
  • Family history of cervical cancer.

Learn More About Cervical Cancer