Regional Cancer Center ~ Erie, PA

Learn About Ovarian Cancer

Sep 30, 2014 | Posted in News

Ovarian Cancer Now Linked To Obesity

In March 2014, the American Institute for Cancer Research officially added ovarian cancer to the list of cancers linked to excess weight.

This represents the first time that AICR, which focuses on the roles of diet, physical activity and weight in cancer risk, has judged the evidence on ovarian cancer strong enough to include it to AICR’s educational efforts.

What Are Ovarian Cancer’s Risk Factors?

  1. Family History: Having members of your immediate family with a history of ovarian or breast cancer places you at higher risk.
  2. Inherited Risk: Women who inherit mutations on the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, as well as genes linked to conditions like hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and Lynch syndrome, are at higher risk for ovarian cancer.
  3. Age: Most cases are diagnosed in women over 55.
  4. Overweight/Obesity: Carrying excess body fat contributes to ovarian cancer risk.
  5. Adult Attained Height: Women taller than 5 feet, 8 inches are at higher risk for ovarian cancer than shorter women.
  6. Other Factors: According to the National Cancer Institute, other risk factors for ovarian cancer risk include use of estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy (HRT), fertility drugs and talc.

How Common Is Ovarian Cancer?

In the US, approximately 22,240 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer every year. It is the 9th most common cancer in women, and the 4th deadliest, killing over 14,000 women annually. It has the lowest survival rate of all female cancers.

To Lower Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer:

  1. If you smoke, stop. If you don’t, never start.
  2. Make everyday choices that will help you stay at or get to your healthy weight.
  3. Find your healthy weight a Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator.

Once you know your BMI, start moving more and eating well help you achieve your healthy weight.

Move More

Aim to get your body up and moving for at least 30 minutes every day. Try anything that:

  1. Makes your heart beat faster
  2. Makes you breathe more deeply
  3. You already enjoy doing

Eat Well

Get More:

  • Vegetables - Choose non-starchy ones like tomatoes, leafy greens, peppers and carrots; strong evidence links garlic to lower kidney cancer risk.
  • Fruit - Go for whole fruits more often, whether fresh or frozen. Because it's calorie-dense, limit even 100% fruit juice to 1 cup per day.
  • Whole Grains - Whole wheat bread, brown rice, quinoa and oatmeal are just a few great choices.
  • Beans - Add pinto, kidney, black, garbanzos and more to soups, salads and stews.

Sugary Drinks

  • Regular sodas, lemonade and sweet tea add calories without filling you up.
  • Red meat like beef, pork and lamb
    • These foods tend to be calorie-dense (and raise risk for esophageal cancer too).
  • Processed meat
    • Processed meat like hot dogs, cold cuts, bacon and sausage are often high in calories and also increase risk for esophageal cancer.

A good rule of thumb: Always fill at least 2/3 of your plate with plant foods, and let animal foods (meat and dairy) take up the rest.

Article from American Institute for Cancer Research

content management, website design, e-commerce and web development services in Erie, Pennsylvania